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Building coral reef resilience through assisted evolution- TERA

The genetic enhancement of wild animals and plants for characteristics that benefit human populations has been practiced for thousands of years, resulting in impressive improvements in commercially valuable species. Despite these benefits, genetic manipulations are rarely considered for noncommercial purposes, such as conservation and restoration initiatives. Over the last century, humans have driven global climate [...]

Individuals scale up carbon flow in ecosystems- TERA

Individual metabolical rates are at the heart of the metabolic theory of ecology (MTE). The central tenet of MTE is that organismal metabolical rates control the biological and ecological processes of the organisms. In turn, organismal metabolical rates are intimately associated to the body size and internal temperature of the organism (9). By extension, it [...]

Economics of Small-scale Commercial Aquaponics in Hawai‘i- TERA

Aquaponics, the symbiotic integration of aquaculture and hydroponics, has been touted as a sustainable food production technology. While there is anecdotal evidence, there are only a few studies on the economics of commercial aquaponics. In this study, we collect economic and production information from three aquaponic farms to investigate the economic feasibility of an aquaponics [...]

Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam: Implications for Downstream Riparian Countries

Ethiopia has begun seriously developing their significant hydropower potential by launching construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Blue Nile River to facilitate local and regional growth. The GERD, located just upstream of the border with Sudan, is the first dam ever to be constructed directly on the main stem of the [...]

Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on Marginal Land: A Quantitative Review of the Relative Benefits of Forest Recovery versus Biofuel Production- TERA

Decisions concerning future land-use/land cover change stand at the forefront of ongoing debates on how to best mitigate climate change. In this study, we compare the greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation value over a 30-year time frame for a range of forest recovery and biofuel production scenarios on abandoned agricultural land. Carbon sequestration in recovering forests [...]

Plant Uptake-Assisted Round-the-Clock Photocatalysis for Complete Purification of Aquaculture Wastewater Using Sunlight- TERA

A novel reactor equipped with solar batteries, Bi2O3/TiO2 film photocatalyst, and celery plant was designed and used for purification of aquaculture wastewater. The Bi2O3/TiO2 film photocatalyst started photocatalytic degradation of organonitrogen compounds under irradiation of sunlight. Meanwhile, the solar batteries absorbed and converted excess sunlight into electric energy and then started UV lamps at night, leading to [...]

Mercury in Little Brown Bat (Myotis lucifugus) Maternity Colonies and Its Correlation with Freshwater Acidity in Nova Scotia, Canada

Insectivorous little brown bats are exposed to elevated concentrations of mercury (Hg) through their preference for aquatic-based prey. Here we investigated spatial patterns of total Hg (THg) in fur from 10 little brown bat maternity colonies across Nova Scotia, and assessed relationships with the acidity of nearby lakes and rivers. Total Hg concentrations were measured [...]

Global Mining Risk Footprint of Critical Metals Necessary for Low-Carbon Technologies: The Case of Neodymium, Cobalt, and Platinum in Japan- TERA

For countries poorly endowed with mineral resources, adopting low-carbon energy technologies may imply a shifting of risk from carbon resources to other natural resources, in particular critical metals, and a trade-off between increased mining risk and deployment of such technologies. Our analysis constitutes a first step toward quantifying and managing the risks associated with natural [...]

Excess of polonium-210 activity in the surface urban atmosphere. Part 2: origin of 210Po excess- TERA

The presence of significant 210Po activity, unsupported by its grandparent radionuclide 210Pb, in the surface atmosphere of industrialized regions can originate from human technical activities. In urban air, the activity ratio of 210Po to 210Pb might increase as a result of natural condensation and coagulation processes of relatively volatile 210Po-containing species emitted during coal combustion [...]

PLANETARY BOUNDARIES: GUIDING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ON A CHANGING PLANET

The planetary boundaries framework defines a safe operating space for humanity based on the intrinsic biophysical processes that regulate the stability of the Earth system. Here, we revise and update the planetary boundary framework, with a focus on the underpinning biophysical science, based on targeted input from expert research communities and on more general scientific [...]